Caesarean section

Sometimes during the birth process (just like in humans) problems may arise and either one of the foetuses becomes stuck in the birth canal (obstructive dystocia) or the mother’s uterus becomes tired and stops contracting, there by not pushing foetuses out (inertia dystocia). In either case this may require an emergency Caesarean section to remove the foetuses for the sake of the lives of both the foetuses and the mother. Sometimes Caesarean sections can be pre-planned especially for breeder’s valuable bitches, where there is a history of giving birth with difficulty; still the breeder would still like to get offspring from the bitch. Or, if in any pregnant dog, an examination is conducted before the due date and the vet determines that the mother might be at risk for the natural birth process, because of an oversized foetus, or too many foetuses present




GDV or Gastric Dilatation Volvulus is a condition whereby a dog’s stomach twists on itself inside the abdomen due to either overeating, eating a poor quality, gas producing diet or excessive exercise straight after a normal meal. The stomach will immediately, after turning on itself, start bloating due to gas, which forms during the digestive process, accumulating and not being able to pass out. The stomach will expand in size, eventually pushing onto the diaphragm, preventing normal breathing, as well as occluding the major blood vessels that supply the stomach and spleen. The patient will go into shock within 20 minutes from the onset of this condition, even death within 30 minutes. This condition is always an EMERGENCY and the patient needs to be presented to the vet as soon as possible. Treatment involves immediate deflating of the stomach, allowing for easy respiration to resume, as well as the initial shock therapy. This will then have to be followed up with surgery as soon as possible in an effort to re-position the internal organs and, as is a standard procedure at Vetland Animal Hospital, surgically preventing the condition from ever happening again.

notice the extremely bloated stomach area


Pyometra is an infection of the uterus (in unspayed bitches), It often affects middle aged to older bitches, and normally occurs 2 – 4 weeks after the bitch was on heat. Very often this infection causes the entire uterus to fill up with exudate (pus), resulting in the patient to become seriously ill. The patient will often stop eating, becoming very weak and lethargic, develop pale mucous membranes and often present with a fever. There are two different forms of pyometra: an open cervix pyometra and a closed cervix pyometra. In the former case the bitch may not appear that ill and often a pussy discharge may be noticed from the vulva. This is because the cervix is open and the pus tends to drain out. In the latter case, the cervix is closed, preventing any discharge.

In both cases the recommendation is to perform an emergency ovariohysterectomy as patients suffering from this condition do not respond well to antibiotic therapy alone.

Gastrointestinal Foreign Body Removal

This is unfortunately an all too common problem in our canine companions, especially in younger dogs who tend to be very inquisitive and explore the world around them by chewing on everything. Sometimes they swallow whatever it is they are chewing on and these objects (or foreign bodies) can become lodged either in their stomachs or lower down in their intestines. In these cases the poor dogs are often very painful over their abdomens, will vomit constantly and be very reluctant to eat anything. This is obviously an emergency and requires immediate surgical treatment because at any point the foreign body could puncture the stomach or cause the intestines to rupture, causing gastrointestinal fluid to leak into the abdomen (like when your appendix bursts), causing septic shock and death if not treated in time. The surgery involves opening the abdomen of the animal, locating the foreign body, surgically opening the stomach or intestines and removing the foreign body. In acute patients (patient presented early in the disease), the intestines can just be closed up again after removal of the foreign body, however in chronic cases the intestines may have become so damaged that a section of the organ may have to be removed to prevent it from dying off and causing problems again, later on. Patients who need to undergo intestinal surgery are, unfortunately at high risk of developing peritonitis or internal abdominal infection.

this hiperactive bulldog ate a knife!


Since many people “price-shop” these procedures, we suggest you be sure all prices quoted elsewhere are “all inclusive,” and that you tour the facility before making your choice.

A note about fees: Please remember that procedures and tests carry a price tag. As valued client you will always be advised as to what the best diagnostic and therapeutic options are for your pet, but the final choice will lie with you as to what should be done. All hospitalized patients require a 60% deposit on admittion of the pet. Get more info on pet insurance HERE