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Prior to all surgeries, patients receive a pre-anesthetic physical examination. All potential problems result in a phone call to you and are thoroughly discussed at that time. Just as your own doctor would never take you to surgery without first running “screening tests,” we recommend a preanesthesia screen to detect many potential problems. Not all veterinary clinics run these tests on a routine basis. It is an optional way you can increase the anesthesia safety for your pet.
Neutering or castration
This surgery involves the complete removal of both testes (orchidectomy) in male animals and at our hospital we routinely perform the surgery on cats and dogs and sometimes rabbits too. For this surgery only a small skin incision is necessary to extract both testes, tie their blood supply off and remove them. However in some cases when the vet examines your dog or cat before surgery they may find that only one or none of the testes have descended into the scrotum, this is called cryptorchidism. This means that the testes are possibly still located within the abdomen and will require a much larger operation to be removed because now the surgeon will have to open the abdomen and go looking for the missing testis, which is why it is more expensive than a normal castration. However it is still very strongly recommended to have these animals castrated for two very important reasons: number one because the internal testis is at a very high risk of becoming cancerous due to being exposed to the higher temperature within the body than where it should be, outside the body and in the scrotum. And number two because even though these animals have dramatically reduced fertility, they are still capable of getting a female animal pregnant (especially if only one testis hasn’t descended) and this condition has a very strong genetic component so the problem may potentially be passed to future generations.
Sterilisation or Ovariohystectomy (please see our article on STERILISATION)