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Prior to all surgeries, patients receive a pre-anesthetic physical examination.  All potential problems result in a phone call to you and are thoroughly discussed at that time. Just as your own doctor would never take you to surgery without first running “screening tests,” we recommend a preanesthesia screen to detect many potential problems. Not all veterinary clinics run these tests on a routine basis. It is an optional way you can increase the anesthesia safety for your pet.

Neutering or castration

This surgery involves the complete removal of both testes (orchidectomy) in male animals and at our hospital we routinely perform the surgery on cats and dogs and sometimes rabbits too. For this surgery only a small skin incision is necessary to extract both testes, tie their blood supply off and remove them. However in some cases when the vet examines your dog or cat before surgery they may find that only one or none of the testes have descended into the scrotum, this is called cryptorchidism. This means that the testes are possibly still located within the abdomen and will require a much larger operation to be removed because now the surgeon will have to open the abdomen and go looking for the missing testis, which is why it is more expensive than a normal castration. However it is still very strongly recommended to have these animals castrated for two very important reasons: number one because the internal testis is at a very high risk of becoming cancerous due to being exposed to the higher temperature within the body than where it should be, outside the body and in the scrotum. And number two because even though these animals have dramatically reduced fertility, they are still capable of getting a female animal pregnant (especially if only one testis hasn’t descended) and this condition has a very strong genetic component so the problem may potentially be passed to future generations.

 

Sterilisation or Ovariohystectomy (please see our article on STERILISATION)

 
This surgery involves the complete removal of both ovaries and the entire uterus (ovariohysterectomy) in female animals and at our hospital we routinely perform the surgery on cats and dogs and sometimes rabbits too. For this surgery the abdomen needs to be opened so that the blood supply to the ovaries and uterus can be located, tied off and these organs removed; this is why fixing your female pet costs more than fixing your male pet. If your female pet is on heat it is recommended that you wait until at least 3 weeks after the heat has finished before bringing them in for sterilisation. The reason for this is because when the animal is on heat the uterus is very swollen and oedematous and the blood vessels to the uterus are greatly engorged (all in preparation for possible pregnancy), making the surgery more difficult and slightly more risky, this is why sterilising your animal while on heat is more expensive than normal. If it is not possible to wait until after the heat cycle has finished because you have a male pet at home and you are worried about possible unwanted pregnancy then we are more than happy to help you but please be aware of the slightly higher costs and the reasons therefore.
 
Since many people “price-shop” these procedures, we suggest you be sure all prices quoted elsewhere are “all inclusive,” and that you tour the facility before making your choice. We do offer the same service and welcome you into our practice at any time
 
 
 
 
Remember to book you appointment with us as soon as you dog or cat reaches the age of 6 months. Routine surgical procedures are done Mondays to Fridays in the mornings. To make a booking contact: 012 809 0186 or email us admin@vetland.co.za